Set Functions and Properties

A Set allows you to store a sequence of unique strings and look them up efficiently. When adding a string a Set will automatically test whether such string is already contained and won't make a duplicate.

Because of how a Set work internally, searching for a string in a Set is faster than searching for it in a plain array. Its advantage increases with the number of items. They are also fast in adding and removing items dynamically.

Similar to Dictionary, Set has two general properties: sort style and compare style.

Sort style defines whether items are stored sorted or unsorted. The unsorted containers are typically faster to search in, but the items will be stored in an undefined order.

Compare style determines whether strings are compared as case sensitive or case insensitive. For example, in a case-sensitive Set the strings "Parameter" and "parameter" will be seen as two different items, but in a case-insensitive Set they will be seen as identical. Compare style defines both string uniqueness and sorting.

At the moment a Set does not let you directly access all of its internal data at once, but it does have the GetItemsAsArray function that will write all items to a dynamic array, which you may parse, print, and otherwise use as you see fit. The order of items in this array will be match the order within the Set, hence if the Set was sorted the array will be sorted as well.

Compatibility: Set struct is supported by AGS 3.5.0 and later versions.

See Also: Dictionary


Set.Create

static Set* Set.Create(SortStyle sortStyle, StringCompareStyle compareStyle)

Creates a new empty Set of the given properties. If you don't pass any options the Set is unsorted and case-insensitive. Note that you cannot change sorting style and case sensitivity later, you would have to create another Set and move values there.

Example:

Set* mySet = Set.Create();

Set.Add

bool Set.Add(String item)

Adds an item to the Set. Returns false if the Set already contained the item, otherwise returns true.

Example:

mySet.Add("item1");
bool wasAdded = mySet.Add("item1"); // wasAdded will be false

See Also: Contains, Remove


Set.Clear

void Set.Clear()

Removes all items from the Set.


Set.Contains

bool Set.Contains(String item)

Returns whether an item is already in a Set.

Example:

Set* mySet = Set.Create();
mySet.Add("test");
if (mySet.Contains("test")) {
  Display("Test passed!");
}

See Also: Add, Remove


Set.GetItemsAsArray

String[] GetItemsAsArray()

Creates a dynamic array filled with items in same order as they are stored in the Set.

Example:

Set* mySet = Set.Create();
mySet.Add("test");
mySet.Add("test2");
String items[] = mySet.GetItemsAsArray();
for (int i = 0; i < mySet.ItemCount; i++)
  Display("#%d: %s", i, items[i]);

In the above example the items will be displayed on screen one by one, preceded by their index.

See Also: Set.ItemCount


Set.Remove

bool Set.Remove(String item)

Removes an item from the Set. Returns false if there was no such item, otherwise returns true.

See Also: Add, Contains


Set.CompareStyle

StringCompareStyle Set.CompareStyle

Returns the string comparison method for this Set.

See Also: SortStyle


Set.ItemCount

int Set.ItemCount

Returns the number of items currently in the Set.


Set.SortStyle

SortStyle Set.SortStyle

Returns the sorting method for this Set.

See Also: CompareStyle